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2017年贵州师范大学自学考试英语一试卷
    以下为贵州师范大学自考网为广大考生整理的自学考试历年英语考试试题以及答案解析如下:

1、单选题

  [阅读判断]Now, there are about 24 million microcomputers in use in the United States —— one for every 10 citizens. It is estimated that by 1996, 61 percent of American managers will be using some sort of electronic work station.

  Q: At present about 10% of American citizens possess a microcomputer.

  A.True

  B.False

  C.Not Given

  正确答案:A

  答案解析:答案选A。本段一开头就说到目前在美国大约有二千四百万台微型电子计算机在使用中,平均每十人就拥有一台。因此本题的表述是正确的。

  2、

  单选题

  [阅读判断]The people of Kiribati are afraid that one day in the not-too-distant future, their country will disappear from the face of the earth - literally. Several times this year, the Pacific island nation has been flooded by a sudden high tide.

  Q: The people of Kiribati worry that one day their country will be taken away by a sudden high tide.

  A.True

  B.False

  C.Not Given

  正确答案:A

  答案解析:答案选A。该题目说的是:Kiribati的人民担心他们的国家将被突发的洪水淹没。该题源于第一句:Kiribati的国民担心在近期的某一天,他们的国家将会地球上面消失by a sudden high tide。

 1、单选题

  [填句补文] Although the researchers have only just made the technical details of the microscope public, it is already on sale. It is currently the size of a refrigerator and takes several minutes to scan a circuit, but Xiao and Schrag are working ________.

  A.to take tiny chips we require

  B.to making chips any smaller

  C.to shrink it to the size of a desktop computer and cut the scanning time to 30 seconds

  D.of conducting electricity

  正确答案:C

  答案解析:这部分所说的体积的减小和所需时间的缩短恰好与前半句中提到的冰箱大小的体积和所需数分钟的时间形成了对比。即:目前它大约像冰箱那么大,而且要用几分钟扫描一个电路,但是他们正在努力使它缩小到台式计算机那么大,把扫描时间缩短到30秒。

  2、单选题

  [阅读选择]You can't change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help, Dr. Kleitman believes. Maybe you're sleepy in the evening but you must stay up late anyway. Counteract your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to. If your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won't change your cycle, but you'll get up steam and work better at your low point.

  If one wants to work more efficiently at his low point in the morning, he should _______.

  A.change his energy cycle

  B.overcome his laziness

  C.get up earlier than usual

  D.go to bed earlier

  正确答案:C

  答案解析:本题要求读者找出本段中的最后两句,并联系本段开头两句的意思,作出正确判断。本段开头说,“虽然你无法改变自己的能量周期,但你可以使你的生活适合这一周期。Dr. Kleitman认为经常性的行为(对你的能量周期)能起作用。”最后两句又说,“…rise before your usual hour…work better at your low point.”(“如果你在上午处于能量的低潮,但你有重要的工作要在上午做,那么你就要比平时早起。这并不改变你的周期,但你可以在低潮时得到能量,工作得更好。”)因此选项C是正确答案。

 1、单选题

  [填句补文]Mexico‘s current lack of funds is also partly due to oil. The country has rich oil fields and a few years ago, when oil was expensive, Mexico was selling large quantities of oil to the USA and earning a lot of money. ________. However, the price of oil then dropped, and Mexico has been left owing enormous sums of money and with not enough income from oil sales to pay back the loans.

  A、But those ruins are in danger of being seriously damaged by pollution.

  B、Scientists estimate that about one millimeter of stone is worn away every twelve years.

  C、At others the painted surfaces inside temples are lifting and flaking off and the stone is being eaten away.

  D、The government was therefore able to borrow huge sums of money from banks around the world, thinking they would have no problem repaying their debts.

  正确答案:D

  答案解析:前文中说到,墨西哥把大量的石油卖给美国并获得很多的资金,therefore 引出了答案:墨西哥获得了大量的贷款。

  2、

  单选题

  [阅读理解]Finally, many great players come from the same kind of neighborhood - a poor, crowed area where a boy‘s dream is not to be a doctor, lawyer, or businessman, but to become a rich, famous athlete or entertainer. For example, Liverpool, which produced the Beetles, had one of the best English soccer(英式足球)teams in recent years. Pele practiced in the street with a ball made of rags. And George Best learned the tricks that made him famous by bouncing the ball off a wall in the slums of Belfast.

  All great players have a lot in common, but that doesn‘t explain why they are great. Hundreds of boys played in those Brazilian streets, but only one became Pele. The greatest players are born with some unique quality that sets them apart from all the others.

  In the last paragraph the statement “… but only one became Pele” indicates that ______.

  A、Pele is the greatest soccer player.

  B、the greatest players are born with some unique quality.

  C、Pele‘s birthplace sets him apart from all the others.

  D、the success of a soccer player has everything to do with the family back ground.

  正确答案:B

  答案解析:答案选B。Pele是个伟大的球员,Hundreds of boys played in those Brazilian streets, but only one became Pele成百上千的人在巴西的街道上踢球,但是只有一个Pele这样的伟大球员。最后一句话点明主题The greatest players are born with some unique quality that sets them apart from all the others.所以答案选择B。

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