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贵州师范大学学位英语考试语法专项知识精讲

一、一些原义并无否定意思的形容词和别的词搭配有时可译成否定句

  1. These goods are in short supply.

  这些货物供应不足。

  2. This equation is far from being complicated.

  这个方程一定也不复杂。

  二、为了使译文自然流畅,读起来顺口,在一些形容词前可根据上下文内容加上副词“很”、“最”等字

  1. It was as pleasant a day as I have ever spent.

  这是我度过最愉快的一天。

  2. It is easy to compress a gas.

  气体很容易压缩。

  三、有时可将英语的“形容词+名词短语”译成汉语的主谓结构

  1. She spoke in a high voice.

  她讲话声音很尖。

  2. This engine develops a high torque.

  这台发动机产生的转矩很大。

  四、如果一个名词前有几个形容词修饰,英译时应根据汉语习惯决定其顺序

  1. a large brick conference hall

  一个用砖砌的大会议厅

  2. a plastic garden chair

  一把在花园里用的塑料椅子

  五、英语中一些表示知觉、情感、欲望等心理状态的形容词同连系动词构成复合谓语时,翻译时可将形容词译成动词

  1. You are ignorant of the duties you undertake in marrying.

  你完全不懂你在婚姻方面承担的责任。

  2. Such criticisms have become familiar in his later commentaries on America.

  类似的批评在他后来写的评论美国的文章中屡见不鲜。

  3. He is truly sorry for his past, and he has undertaken to give up motorcars entirely and for ever.

  他诚恳地忏悔过去,并保证永远不再玩汽车。

  六、由于语言习惯不同,英语里的形容词有时译成汉语副词

  1. I am going to be good and sweet and kind to every body.

  我要对每一个人都亲切、温顺、和善。

  2. He asked me for a full account of myself and family.

  他详尽地问起我自己和我家里的情况。

  3.Another war will be the absolute end of our country.

  再来一次战争将彻底毁灭我们这个国家。 
state in in progress(在进行中)

  in a dilemma(处于进退两难的境地),

  in a tight corner(处于困难中)

  in action(在行动中)

  in an emergency(处于紧急情况中)

  in bad mood(心情不好),

  in bad temper(心情不好,生气)

  in blossom(bloom) (在开花 )

  in bonds(在拘留中)

  in chains(在囚禁中)

  in charge(看管)

  in church, in class(表示地点)

  in collision(在冲突中)

  in commission (在服役)

  in condition(健康情况良好)

  in confusion (在混乱中)

  in control (of)

  in court(出庭)

  in custody(拘留)

  in danger, in debt(负债)

  in deep water(s)(处于困境)

  in demand(有需求) in despair

  in difficult, in dispute(在争论)

  in exile(在流放)

  in fear and trembling(提心吊胆)

  in flight(飞行),

  in full blossom(开着花)

  in need (of) in operation(在运转),

  in order(状态良好)

  in peace(平安) (at peace和平)

  in peril(处于危险)

  in practice(在实践中)

  in process(在进行中),

  in progress(前进,进行中)

  in pursuit(在追赶中)

  in question(正被讨论)

  in rehearsal(在彩排)

  in retirement(退休)

  in retreat(在撤退) in sail(张着帆)

  in session(在会议中)

  in stock(有库存)

  in store(储藏着)

  in suspension(悬浮中)

  in tears(流着泪)

  in the field(在作战)

  in the press(在印刷)

  in the red(负债)

  in the same boat(处境相同)

  in the works(在计划中)

  in view(被考虑)

  in work(有工作)

One of the most remarkable things about the human mind is our ability to imagine the future. In our 1 we can see what has not yet happeneD.For example, while we are looking forward to 2 a new place or country, we 3 what it will be like. We predict( 预料) the 4 people will eat, dress and act. Of course, we do not always predict things 5 . Things are often very different from the way we 6 them to be.

  One of the 7 dreams in history is the dream of the German scientist, Kekule, who had been 8 to work out a very difficult problem in physics. He had 9 and analyzed(分析) the problem from every angle(角度) for days, but there 10 to be no way of 11 out the answer. Then one night he went to bed and dreameD.When he 12 up, he realized that he knew the answer. He had solved the problem in his 13 .

  The hypnotist(催眠者)sat in the chair opposite him and spoke 14 _: I want you to concentrate on my voice. Think about 15 . You know nothing but my voice. And as you pay attention to my voice, your 16 will get heavier. Soon you’ll be asleep.

  You will hear my voice and 17 my words, but your body will be asleep, your eyes are too heavy. You are 18 asleep, and when you wake up you will 19 nothing.

  You will forget everything. Now I am going to 20 slowly from one to five. One, two, three, four, five.

  1. A.brains B.senses C.minds D.sights

  2. A.visiting B.seeking C.reaching D.discovering

  3. A.imagine B.know C.feel D.guess

  4. A.custom B.habit C.style D.way

  5. A.quickly B.simply C.correctly D.neatly

  6. A.required B.wished C.left D.expected

  7. A.funny B.dull C.famous D.silly

  8. A.managing B.trying C.thinking D.hoping

  9. A.studied B.learned C.discussed D.researched

  10.A.used B.ought C.seemed D.had

  11.A.making B.finding C.turning D.letting

  12.A.gave B.sat C.woke D.got

  13.A.dream B.lesson C.research D.exercise

  14.A.softly B.loudly C.slowly D.firmly

  15.A.everything B.something C.nothing D.anything

  16.A.eyes B.feet C.head D.body

  17.A.believe B.repeat C.take D.understand

  18.A.really B.extremely C.actually D.almost

  19.A.accept B.remember C.hear D.receive

  20.A.count B.say C.add D.speak

One type of person that is common in many countries is the one who always tries to do as little as possible and to get as much 1 return as he can. His opposite, the man who has 2 for doing more than is strictly 3 and who is ready to accept 4 is offered in return, is 5 everywhere.

  Both these types are entirely different 6 their behavior. The man who 7 effort is always talking about his “ 8 ”. He thinks that society should 9 him a pleasant, easy life. The man who is always doing more than his 10 talks of “duties”. He feels that the 11 is in debt to society.

  The man who tries to do as 12 as he can is always full of 13 . For instance, if he has 14 to do something, it was because he was 15 by bad luck. His opposite is never 16 busy to take on a(n) 17 piece of work. So it is 18 that if you want something 19 in a hurry go to the busiest man whom you have 20 in.

  1. A. in B. by C. as D. of

  2. A. courage B. enthusiasm C. interest D. sense

  3. A. essential B. elementary C. necessary D. principal

  4. A. that B. which C. it D. what

  5. A. short B. slight C. scarce D. rare

  6. A. from B. in C. with D. for

  7. A. drops B. withdraws C. avoids D. dislikes

  8. A. favor B. advantages C. rights D. priority

  9. A. let B. provide C. supply D. grant

  10. A. share B. part C. offer D. piece

  11. A. collective B. public C. individual D. private

  12. A. more B. much C. less D. little

  13. A. excuses B. causes C. words D. reasons

  14. A. failed B. dropped C. fallen D. missed

  15. A. prevented B. protected C. blocked D. refused

  16. A. so B. too C. quite D. very

  17. A. supplementary B. spare C. auxiliary D. extra

  18. A. possible B. advisable C. acceptable D. desirable

  19. A. made B. done C. finished D. performed

  20. A. interest B. reliance C. faith D. taste

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